If any of you are interested in acquiring fantastic English writing skills, then you have to read this great essay. This is not a teacher, this is a student!!!!!! If you work hard, your writing will be this amazing! Enjoy!!!!!!!!!
The impact of Tourism
By Afni Mufliyah, EAP Upper.
Afni is an EAP student from Indonesia with an ambition to complete a Masters Degree in Australia. Since she started the EAP course 10 weeks ago she has worked hard and her writing skills have improved dramatically. Now she is able to write skilfully about many academic topics and also incorporate research into her essays using a referencing system. That’s a great achievement!
Many of us come from countries where tourism is a really important industry. Indonesia is the second biggest tourist destination for Australians after New Zealand and the country receives millions of visitors from around the world each year, so Afni understands how important tourism is to her country and the need to protect the unique environment and culture for future generations to enjoy.
Good luck in your future university career Afni!
Nowadays people travel all over the world and the interest in tourism has risen every year. In addition, tourism provides many benefits to the host nation; there are many positive impacts of tourism. However, developments in tourism have also caused many problems as well. In this essay I will discuss the positive and negative impacts of tourism on the host country and make some possible recommendations to minimize the negative impact of tourism.
Firstly, tourism brings a lot of economic benefits to the host country. For example, owing to the tourist industry, lots of new jobs have been created. Poor countries can make money and new businesses may develop in beautiful areas which attract tourists and obviously there will be investment opportunities. The tourism industry can also generate extra tax revenues such as hotel and airport taxes, which can be used to build schools, housing and hospitals for local people. However, jobs created by tourism are often seasonal, so many people are left jobless when the holiday season is over. Also, local people often have to pay more for things in tourist areas because demand is higher. For example, in coastal areas where freshwater is in low supply, locals have to pay more and they have to buy water at a higher price. In addition, although tourists bring money into the local government, often the government doesn’t redistribute the money to the local people.
Secondly, there are both positive and negative environmental impacts of tourism. Tourism has the potential to create beneficial effects on the environment by contributing to environmental protection and conservation. For example, “In Gili Trawangan, local people have introduced a garbage collection system along beaches and a turtle breeding and conservation sanctuary” (UNDP 2013). Tourism is a way to raise people’s awareness of environmental values and it can serve a tool to finance the protection of natural areas and increase the economic importance. On the other hand a big problem of tourism is that it causes environmental destruction. According to UNDP (2013), “The tourism industry generally overuses water resources to build hotels, swimming pools or even for personal use by tourists.” The consequence of this is water scarcity and the degradation of water supplies. Besides that, tourists often leave too much litter behind them. Sometimes through inattention, they have destroyed very important cultural or environmental objects and areas of natural beauty have been degraded. For example, in Uluwatu in Bali, rubbish from tourists thrown into the sea has destroyed beautiful areas (Brown 2010).
Tourism also impacts on the society and culture of the host nations. Tourism generates positive social and cultural impacts for the local communities. For example, when tourists travel to other countries, they will learn and understand more about different cultures. This can raise awareness between tourists and local people and support international understanding and be a force for peace (UNDP 2013). It can also help raise global awareness of issues such as poverty. Unfortunately, there are also negative impacts of tourism, such as loss of traditional cultures of local people caused by people changing their lifestyle, customs and even language due to the influence of tourists and in order to more effectively serve visitors or because they have become influenced by foreign countries. Besides that, the culture of the local community is often very different from the tourists and can cause stress in a traditional society and could even lead to animosity towards tourism. Also, the influx of negative tourists practices such as drug and alcohol abuse can influence young people and lead to an increase in crime.
In conclusion, global tourism can be beneficial to the economy and environment of a country is managed effectively. To my way of thinking, a country should seek to develop its tourist industry because it can bring jobs to local people and minimal environmental impacts. However, local people need to fight to hold on to their unique culture and the government needs to limit the number of tourists and work together with the local people to keep an eye on their natural and cultural heritage.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2013. Impacts of tourism. (report) The United Nations. Accessed 26 Feb 2014.http://www.unep.org/resourceefficiency
Brown, M. 2010. Bali: They Paved Paradise: Foreign Correspondent (Documentary). Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Indonesia. Accessed 26 Feb, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzUy5FAPpjw